1. Queen Sheeba الملكة سبأ
2. Queen Znobea الملكة زنوبيا
3. Shaqilat , Queen of the Nabateans الملكة شقيلة
4. Zabibe الملكة زبابيب
Zabibe (also transliterated Zabibi, Zabiba, Zabibah) was a queen of Qedar who ruled between 738 and 733 BC. A vassal of the Assyrian empire, she commanded armies containing large numbers of women. She had a long string of victories during her 5 year reign and was succeeded by another woman leader, Samsi who reigned another 5 years.
Zabibe is mentioned in the Annals of Tiglath-Pileser III among a list of leaders who paid tribute to the Assyrian king in 738 BC. The title accorded her is queen of both the Qidri (“Qedarites”) and the “Aribi” (“Arabs”). Israel Eph’al writes that until the time of Assurbanipal the title “queen of the Arabs” in Assyrian manuscripts was a general one accorded to nomad leaders in the Syrian desert. Zabībah is an ancient Arabic name, likely derived from zabīb, meaning “raisin”.
5.Samsi الملكة سماسي
Samsi (also Shamsi) was an Arab queen who reigned in the 8th century BCE. As an ally of Rakhianu of Damascus, she fought the Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser III in 732 BCE. After her forces were defeated, she fled the battlefield. Later, she went to Assyria to pay tribute to the king and was permitted to reign, under official Assyrian supervision. Samsi’s predecessor was Zabibe, and her successor Yatie
6.Yatie الملكة يتي
Yatie (also Iati’e) was a queen of Qedar who ruled in the 8th century BC, circa 730 BC.
Yatie sent her forces, headed by her brother Baasqanu, to aid Merodach-Baladan in his bid to hold onto Babylon. Merodach-Baladan, the leader of the Chaldeans, was also supported by an army from Elam and together these faced the Assyrian forces of Sennacherib on his first campaign in 703 BC.
The events of the battle are recorded in the annals of Sennacherib which mention Yatie, “queen of the Arabs”, and the capture of her brother Baasqanu in the battle. Israel Eph’al writes that this is the first mention in Assyrian documents of Arabs as an ethnic element in Babylonia. Yatie’s predecessor was Samsi and she was succeeded by queen Te’el-hunu
8. queen Mavia
Mavia, (Arabic: ماوية, Māwiyya; also transliterated Mawia, Mawai, or Mawaiy, and sometimes referred to as Mania) was an Arab warrior-queen, who ruled over a confederation of semi-nomadic Arabs, in southern Syria, in the latter half of the fourth century. She led her troops in a rebellion against Roman rule riding at the head of her army into Phoenicia and Palestine. After reaching the frontiers of Ancient Egypt and repeatedly defeating the Roman army, the Romans finally made a truce with her on conditions she laid. The Romans later called upon her for assistance when being attacked by the Goths, to which she responded by sending a fleet of cavalry.
9. Queen Hind al-Hirah of Lakhm الملكة هند
A Christian Princess of either Ghassan or Kindah origin who married Mundhir al Mundhir III, whose mother was Mariyah or Mawiya. He raided Byzantine Syria and challenged the kingdom of Ghassan. After his death, she was regent for their son, Amr ibn-Hind, and she ruled as an independent and resourceful Queen
10. Aixa (Aisha) الاميرة عائشة